CVE-2020-28919: Stored XSS in Checkmk 1.6.0p18
I’ve discovered a trivial stored XSS vulnerability in Checkmk 1.6.0p18 during an on-site penetration test and disclosed it responsibly to the tribe29 GmbH. The vendor promptly confirmed the issue, fixed it and announced an advisory. I’ve applied for a CVE, but didn’t get around explaining the vulnerability in detail, therefore I’m publishing this blog post to complete the process.
The vulnerable code has been identified in versions below 1.6.0p18, such as 1.6.0 and older. It is unclear in which version the vulnerability has been introduced, therefore it’s recommended to update to 1.6.0p19/2.0.0i1 or newer.
class Escaper(object): def __init__(self): super(Escaper, self).__init__() self._unescaper_text = re.compile( r'<(/?)(h1|h2|b|tt|i|u|br(?: /)?|nobr(?: /)?|pre|a|sup|p|li|ul|ol)>') self._quote = re.compile(r"(?:"|')") self._a_href = re.compile(r'<a href=((?:"|').*?(?:"|'))>') [...] def escape_text(self, text): if isinstance(text, HTML): return "%s" % text # This is HTML code which must not be escaped text = self.escape_attribute(text) text = self._unescaper_text.sub(r'<\1\2>', text) for a_href in self._a_href.finditer(text): text = text.replace(a_href.group(0), "<a href=%s>" % self._quote.sub("\"", a_href.group(1))) return text.replace("&nbsp;", " ")
The above code is used for HTML generation. To exploit it, I started looking for a HTML form and found that when editing a custom view, no user input validation is performed on the view title (as opposed to the view name).
def page_edit_visual(what, all_visuals, custom_field_handler=None, create_handler=None, load_handler=None, info_handler=None, sub_pages=None): [...] html.header(title) html.begin_context_buttons() back_url = html.get_url_input("back", "edit_%s.py" % what) html.context_button(_("Back"), back_url, "back") [...] vs_general = Dictionary( title=_("General Properties"), render='form', optional_keys=None, elements=[ single_infos_spec(single_infos), ('name', TextAscii( title=_('Unique ID'), help=_("The ID will be used in URLs that point to a view, e.g. " "<tt>view.py?view_name=<b>myview</b></tt>. It will also be used " "internally for identifying a view. You can create several views " "with the same title but only one per view name. If you create a " "view that has the same view name as a builtin view, then your " "view will override that (shadowing it)."), regex='^[a-zA-Z0-9_]+$', regex_error=_( 'The name of the view may only contain letters, digits and underscores.'), size=50, allow_empty=False)), ('title', TextUnicode(title=_('Title') + '<sup>*</sup>', size=50, allow_empty=False)), [...] ], ) [...]
def escape_text(self, text): if isinstance(text, HTML): return "%s" % text # This is HTML code which must not be escaped text = self.escape_attribute(text) text = self._unescaper_text.sub(r'<\1\2>', text) for a_href in self._a_href.finditer(text): href = a_href.group(1) parsed = urlparse.urlparse(href) if parsed.scheme != "" and parsed.scheme not in ["http", "https"]: continue # Do not unescape links containing disallowed URLs target = a_href.group(2) if target: unescaped_tag = "<a href=\"%s\" target=\"%s\">" % (href, target) else: unescaped_tag = "<a href=\"%s\">" % href text = text.replace(a_href.group(0), unescaped_tag) return text.replace("&nbsp;", " ")
- 2020-10-11: Initial contact with vendor
- 2020-10-12 - 2020-10-14: Further clarification with vendor
- 2020-10-20: Vendor advisory Werk #11501 has been released
- 2020-10-26: Vendor notified me about a patch for Checkmk 1.6.0p19
- 2020-11-17: Applied for CVE
- 2020-11-18: Received CVE-2020-28919
- 2021-12-19: Released blog post
- 2022-01-15: NVD published